Is a type of cancer that is in the cells of the kidney. The cancer is caused by the rapid abnormal over growth of cells within the kidney.Our bodies are always making...read more
For all the fears people harbour about falling victim to plane crashes or terrorism or even being bitten by a shark while swimming, there is one creature that consistently manages to kill more people than any other: the mosquito.read more
The Ebola epidemic has killed 4,951 people out of 13,567 infected in eight countries, the World Health Organization said on Friday, slightly revising do.read more
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For all the fears people harbour about falling victim to plane crashes or terrorism or even being bitten by a shark while swimming, there is one creature that consistently manages to kill more people than any other: the mosquito.
Commonly, the disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito. This bite introduces the parasites from the mosquito's saliva into a person's blood. The parasites then travel to the liver where they mature and reproduce.
Five species of Plasmodium can infect and be spread by humans. Most deaths are caused by P. falciparum because P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae generally cause a milder form of malariaThe species P. knowlesi rarely causes disease in humans.
Malaria is typically diagnosed by the microscopic examination of blood using blood films, or with antigen-based rapid diagnostic tests. Methods that use the polymerase chain reaction to detect the parasite's DNA have been developed, but are not widely used in areas where malaria is common due to their cost and complexity.
The risk of disease can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites by using mosquito nets and insect repellents, or with mosquito-control measures such as spraying insecticides and draining standing water. Several medications are available to prevent malaria in travellers to areas where the disease is common. Occasional doses of the medication sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine are recommended in infants and after the first trimester of pregnancy in areas with high rates of malaria.
Despite a need, no effective vaccine exists, although efforts to develop one are ongoing.The recommended treatment for malaria is a combination of antimalarial medications that includes an artemisinin.
The second medication may be either mefloquine, lumefantrine, or sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine.Quinine along with doxycycline may be used if an artemisinin is not available.
It is recommended that in areas where the disease is common, malaria is confirmed if possible before treatment is started due to concerns of increasing drug resistance. Resistance has developed to several antimalarial medications; for example, chloroquine-resistant P. falciparum has spread to most malarial areas, and resistance to artemisinin has become a problem in some parts of Southeast Asia.
The disease is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions that are present in a broad band around the equator. This includes much of Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
The World Health Organization estimates that in 2012, there were 207 million cases of malaria. That year, the disease is estimated to have killed between 473,000 and 789,000 people, many of whom were children in Africa. Malaria is commonly associated with poverty and has a major negative effect on economic development. In Africa it is estimated to result in losses of $12 billion USD a year due to increased healthcare costs, lost ability to work and effects on tourism.
Save A Life Fund:
A fund purposely established to encourage donors to contribute to save the lives of people suffering.
End it Now! :
EIT is a health campaign program which brings together music, movie and TV stars to support to save lives.
is a concert aimed at raising funds to support JIF in its operations. SEALED! is mainly purposed to help the less privileged.
Medical publications, links, and more info about kidney Cancer and activities of JIF